Jatropha curcas linn is commonly known as physic nut is a nonfood bioenergy plant and currently considered as alternative substitute to fossil. Jcl has been propagated as unique and potential tropical plant for augmenting renewable energy sources due to its several merits for which it deserves to be considered as sole candidate in the tangible and intangible benefits of ecology and environment. The iodine values of jatropha oil seed of suggest their use in. High iodine value of jatropha are caused by high content of unsaturation fatty acid such as oleic acid and linoleic acid. Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, euphorbiaceae, that is native to the american tropics, most likely mexico and central america. B io d iesel p ro d u ction fro m jatropha curcas o il. L a number of scientists have attempted to define the origin of physic nut, but the source remains controversial. Potential of jatropha curcas as a source of renewable oil and. A number of scientists have attempted to define the origin of physic nut, but the source remains controversial. Recently, it has received much attention as a potential source of vegetable oil as a replacement for petroleum, and, in particular, the production of biodiesel. This nonedible oil is explored as a source for biodiesel production without compromising the food industry. Biodiesel production from jatropha oil and its characterization. In fact, jatropha has not really been domesticated. An evaluation of multipurpose oil seed crop for industrial uses jatropha curcas l.
Chemical analysis of jatropha curcas oil item fatty acids composition % acid value 38. In these seeds, it can be found 7% of water, between 28% and 38% of oil and 55%. Jatropha herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients. In the light of the rampant crisis, jatropha has received significance as a source of usable biodiesel. Jatropha curcas is a plant of fast growing species and well known specifically for its tolerance to almost most tropical climate and soil types, hence it is suitable for land conservation. Jatropha is a wildly growing hardy plant in arid and semiarid regions of the country on degraded soils having low fertility and moisture. The seed cake is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus and can be used as manure. Media in category jatropha curcas the following 181 files are in this category, out of 181 total. Jcl is a tropical species native to mexico and central america, but is widely distributed in wild or semi cultivated stands in latin america, africa, india and southeast asia. The iodine values of jatropha curcas place them in the semidrying oil group. The remaining press cake of jatropha seeds after oil extraction could also be considered for energy production.
Jatropha plantation,cultivation,jatropha plant,jatropha. It is native to central america, mexico and the caribbean, but has been widely planted throughout the tropics for a number of commercial uses, perhaps now most predominately for production of biofuel. Biodiesel production from jatropha curcas oil article pdf available in international journal of chemical sciences 94. The name jatropha curcas was first used by linnaeus, and although there are a number of synonyms this name is still valid today. The refseq genome records for jatropha curcas were annotated by the ncbi eukaryotic genome annotation pipeline, an automated pipeline that annotates genes, transcripts and proteins on draft and finished genome assemblies. Names of jatropha in various languages of the world are also given. The practices being undertaken by the jatropha growers currently need to be scientifically managed for better growth and production. Nonedible crude jatropha oil materialsafetydatasheet. The species has been advocated for extensive plantations on degraded wasteland throughout. The seeds are the primary source from which the oil is extracted.
Jatropha curcas is a small oleaginous fruit bearing tree from the euphorbiaceae family that thrives in warm weather and can grow in barren soil. Jatropha curcus is a droughtresistant perennial, growing well in marginalpoor soil. It contains approximately 170 species of succulent plants, shrubs and trees some are deciduous, like. Quality assessment profile of jatropha curcas l seed oil from nigeria abstract this study investigated the nutritional and chemical properties of jatropha curcas l seed oil from abia state, nigeria using standard analytical methods. How jatropha is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The amount of a lkaline c atalyst and r atio of me thanol t o fresh oil for the gr eatest conve rsion of fatty acid m ethyl ester s are repor ted. Characteristic and composition of jatropha curcas oil seed. Among various oil bearing seeds, jatropha curcas has been found more suitable for biodiesel production as it has been developed scientifically to give better yield and productivity. The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. Jatropha curcas is a droughtresistant plant, that grows well in the harshest of conditions and poorest of soils. The major goal of jatropha cultivation, therefore, is. The oil found in its seeds can be converted into a high quality diesel fuel. Jatropha curcas, commonly called purging nut, barbados nut or physic nut, is a dioecious small tree or large shrub that grows to 20 tall. To assess the growth performance of jatropha plants under sandy desert conditions and establish seed source 3.
Studies on the control of snail vectors of fascioliasis. The growth and yield of jatropha could be improved through effective management practices. Jatropha the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37%. 16071612 june 2011 with 749 reads how we measure reads. This paper investigates the prospect of making of biodiesel from jatropha oil. Description of the plant, distribution, ecology jatropha curcas l. Beckford roy agriculturenatural resources extension agent iijatropha curcas q and athe following answers are based on real queries from persons interested in growingjatropha curcas. Received 12 september 2006 received in revised form 1 january 2008. Pax to be the most primitive form of the jatropha genus. Alternatively jatropha oil is used in soap, glue or dye industry. In 2007, goldman sachs cited jatropha curcas as one of the best candidates for future biodiesel production. The energy crisis and shortage of fuel emanating from total dependence on mineral oil with resultant socioeconomic problems demand the need to explore the use. Optimization of parameters for reduction of free fattyacid content ffa of jatropha curcas oil jco andmaximization of yield of jatropha curcas biodiesel. Jatropha curcas is currently attracting much attention as an oilseed crop for biofuel, as jatropha can grow under climate and soil conditions that are unsuitable for food production.
Martin and mayeux 1984 identified the ceara state in brazil as a centre of origin but without giving any arguments. Since jatropha is inedible, it does not compete with food crops. Proximate composition results show it is rich in protein 29. Chemical composition, biodiesel potential and uses of.
The clear oil expressed from the seed has been used for illumination and lubricating, and more recently has been suggested for energetic purposes, one ton of nuts yielding 70 kg refined petroleum, 40 kg gasoil leger light fuel oil, 40 kg regular fuel oil, 34 kg dry tarpitchrosin, 270 kg cokelike char, and 200 kg ammoniacal water, natural. Jatropha plant,jatropha curcas,jatropha seeds,jatropha. Process to produce biodiesel using jatropha curcas oil jco. It is resistant to drought and pests, and produces seeds containing 2740% oil, averaging 34.
Clitocybe tabescens root rot, colletotrichum gloeosporioides leaf spot, and phakopsora jatrophicola rust. Jatropha plant,jatropha curcas,jatropha seeds,jatropha cake. Description of jatropha curcas, its origin and use species description. The genus jatropha contains approximately 170 known. This report presents statistics on the annotation products, the input data used in the pipeline and. Development of a new biobased insulating fluid from. Jatropha oil is an environmentally safe, costeffective renewable source of nonconventional energy and a promising substitute for diesel, kerosene and other fuels. Physic nut oil was used in engines in segou, mali, during world war ii. The esters of vegetables oil animal fats are known as biodiesel.
Species in other sections evolved from the physic nut or. The plant that is generally cultivated for the purpose of extracting jatropha oil is jatropha curcas. July 2006 and updated august 2006 table of contents. Since jatropha oils consist of mainly oleic and linoleic acids which are unsaturated fatty acids, the biodiesel produced has. Insecticidal effect of jatropha curcas oil on the aphid. However, little is known about jatropha, and there are a number of challenges to be overcome. The name is derived from the greek words iatros, meaning physician, and trophe, meaning nutrition, hence the common name physic nut. Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, euphorbiaceae. Jatropha curcas in vitro propagation penn state harrisburg. Originally, jatropha curcas was native tree in south america and was induced to thailand about 200. With depleting coal and oil reserves, attention is turning to the use of alternative renewable sources of energy. About the classification report about the classification download.
The higher the jatropha oil concentration, the greater the mortality p jatropha curcas seed have about 3240% valuable oil used to produce biofuel, therefore, it could be the source for biodiesel production particularly in arid and semiarid regions. The keyfactors that can influence the oil yield of jatropha curcas are. Ash from the roots and branches of jatropha curcas l. It is easy to establish, grows relatively quickly and lives, producing seeds for 50 years. In this study, the biodiesel oil was produced by jatropha curcas oil jco through two stages process. Jatropha curcas seed have about 3240% valuable oil used to produce biofuel, therefore, it could be the source for biodiesel production particularly in arid and semiarid regions. An introduction to jatropha curcas n ravi menon its oil for commercial use even though this shrub known as jarah in malaysia had been flourishing in malaysian villages from the portuguese days. Jcl is a multipurpose small tree or large shrub and is found throughout the tropical region. In addition, the oil percentage and the yield per hectare are important parameters in selecting. Quality assessment profile of jatropha curcas l seed oil.
Assessment of the potential of jatropha curcas, biodiesel. It is originally native to the tropical areas of the americas from mexico to argentina, and has been spread throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, becoming naturalized or invasive in many areas. It is perennial shrub belongs to euphorbiaceae family same as rubber and cassava trees 2,3. Potential of jatropha curcas as a source of renewable oil. Click on names to expand them, and on p for plants profiles. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in jatropha. Dehgan and webster 1979 cite wilbur1954 as follows. In a ddit ion, the op timal r eaction wa s establi shed. Mar 02, 2016 the seed oil can be used as a feed stock for biodiesel. Classification for kingdom plantae down to species jatropha curcas l. View jatropha biodiesel research papers on academia. Insecticidal activity of the formulated product and aqueous extract from physic nut, jatropha curcas l. Owing to the toxicity of jatropha seeds, they are not used by humans.619 1543 729 1638 275 1007 1515 1128 1623 1642 92 1335 282 810 1422 1284 1395 1563 1638 7 686 1535 443 80 580 752 1186 195 1456 582 775 694 1226 1077 219 533